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Edition No. 8

Edition No. 8

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100th anniversary of Albert Einstein’s “Miracle Year”

Edition No. 8

Edition No. 8

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Product Description

IssueCodeQuantitySerial Number RangeCompany
4/20050105CE85060.085.000 - 60.085.849Gennet/Gemplus

The year 2005, has been designated by the United Nations as World year of Physics, during which the 100th anniversary of Albert Einstein’s ‘Miracle Year’ will be marked. 1905 is considered a landmark in the history of not only physics but civilization itself since a series of scientific papers published by Einstein that year was to revolutionize previously-held opinions about space, time and motion, changing forever our theories about the universe and the atom.

Einstein, considered to be the greatest figure in the world of natural sciences, was born in Germany in 1879. In 1905, at the age of 26, while working at the Berne Patent Office as a Technical Expert, Third Class, he published five papers which radically altered the foundations of Physics. His paper on "A New Determination of Molecular Dimensions" was followed by a further four brilliant papers which would affect the course of modern physics like nothing before them. The first of these, entitled “On the motion of small particles suspended in liquids at rest required by the molecular-kinetic theory of heat”, provided a theoretical explanation of Brownian motion, the random movement of bodies suspended in liquids. In his paper “On a heuristic viewpoint concerning the production and transformation of light”, Einstein proposed the theory that light is a stream of particles and succeeded in explaining the photoelectric effect, the photoionization of gas atoms and the role of light on chemical reactions.

Einstein became widely known for his Theory of Relativity which he first published in a paper “On the electrodynamics of moving bodies” and then, for the mathematical statement of the theory, in “Does the inertia of a body depend on its energy content?" For the formulation of the Special Theory of Relativity, Einstein based his ideas on the Relativity Principle and on the Principle of the Constancy of the Velocity of Light, which led him to form new opinions on the nature and peculiarities of space and time. The most significant conclusion of the Special Theory of Relativity is, of course, the mass-energy equivalent, written as Ε = mc2 where E is energy, m is mass and c is the speed of light. It is generally accepted that all areas of modern theoretical physics have their roots in Einstein’s work. It is also worth noting that, in the course of the last press conference that he gave in 1955, he wanted to talk about his teacher, the Greek mathematician Constantinos Karatheodoris, who, he said, had shown him the way to higher mathematics, thought and research.